ISRAEL-PALESTINE: Call on Congress to support justice for Palestinian prisoners held by Israel

from the Faith Forum on Middle East Policy

NOTE: Pax Christi USA is a member of the Faith Forum. This is their “Third Thursday for Israel-Palestine” action for September. 

israel-palestineviolencebutton-smallWhile peacemakers everywhere welcome the ceasefire in Gaza, the underlying issues that led to the war remain. The Israeli occupation of Palestinian land, including the Gaza blockade, must end. And the human rights violations inherent in the occupation must not be allowed to continue unchecked. Keep these concerns before legislators this month, by joining in the World Week for Peace in Palestine Israel, held annually in September and sponsored by the Palestine Israel Ecumenical Forum of the World Council of Churches.  This year’s theme is prisoners.

Around 4800 Palestinians were in Israeli custody as of March 2014, according the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR). Palestinians detained by Israel face a host of concerns including the practice of administrative detention, and the treatment of minors.

Administrative detention, as explained by the Israeli human rights organization, B’Tselem, “is detention without charge or trial that is authorized by administrative order rather than by judicial decree.” As of the end of July 2014, Israel held 446 Palestinians under administrative detention according to B’Tselem which notes:

Israel’s use of administrative detention blatantly violates the restrictions of international law. Israel carries it out in a highly classified manner that denies detainees the possibility of mounting a proper defense. Moreover, the detention has no upper time limit. Over the years, Israel has placed thousands of Palestinians in administrative detention for prolonged periods of time, without trying them, without informing them of the charges against them, and without allowing them or their counsel to examine the evidence. In this way, the military judicial system ignores the right to freedom and due process, the right of defendants to state their case, and the presumption of innocence, all of which are protections clearly enshrined in both Israeli and international law.

The treatment of Palestinian minors by Israel is also of deep concern. A 2013 UNICEF report found, “The ill-treatment of children who come in contact with the military detention system appears to be widespread, systematic and institutionalized…” A review one year later by Military Court Watch acknowledged some attention had been given to UNICEF’s findings, but concluded that the original negative assessment still held.

B’Tselem reports, “At the end of July 2014, 192 Palestinian minors were held in Israeli prisons as security detainees and prisoners. Another 19 Palestinian minors were held in Israel Prison Service facilities for being in Israel illegally.”   And they highlight some of the problems facing these Palestinian minors:

The presence of parents at the interrogation – a right granted to Israeli minors – is not mentioned at all in the relevant military law, and Palestinian minors are often interrogated alone without even having had an opportunity to talk to a lawyer. Furthermore, military law has no appropriate rules for the arrest and interrogation of minors. In addition, the army typically hauls these minors out of bed in the middle of the night to arrest them, even when the interrogation is not deemed urgent. And contrary to Israeli law, which requires that every detainee who is a minor must be brought before a judge within 24 hours – and for those under age 14, within 12 hours – the rules in the territories permit postponement of a minor’s appearance before a judge until the eighth day of his detention, precisely the same as for an adult detainee.

Contact your senators and representative today to raise these concerns. Ask them to bring to the attention of Israeli government officials the issue of Palestinian prisoners in Israeli custody. If they will be traveling to the region soon, ask them to address these concerns in person, otherwise, ask them to contact the Israeli Ambassador to the United States.

Furthermore, ask them to speak and act for a just peace by:

  • Insisting on an end to the Israeli occupation of Palestinian land, including an end to the Gaza blockade.
  • Recognizing that U.S. diplomatic and financial support enable the occupation. The U.S. provides over $3 billion per year in military aid to Israel.
  • Conditioning military aid to Israel on its compliance with U.S. law and policy. Questions must be raised about how U.S. military aid to Israel is being used in order to ensure that it is not enabling human rights violations—including prisoners’ rights—or being used in ways that contradict U.S. policy.

For a just and secure future for Palestinians and Israelis, contact your elected officials today.

___________

Sample Script for letter, email or call:

Dear Senator/Representative,

I am contacting you to draw your attention to the issue of Palestinian prisoners held by Israel, one important dimension of the unresolved Israeli/Palestinian situation. This issue raises a number of concerns, including the practice of administrative detention and the treatment of minors.

Administrative detention, as explained by the Israeli human rights organization, B’Tselem, “is detention without charge or trial that is authorized by administrative order rather than by judicial decree.” As of the end of July 2014, Israel held 446 Palestinians under administrative detention according to B’Tselem. They note that, “Israel’s use of administrative detention blatantly violates the restrictions of international law. Israel carries it out in a highly classified manner that denies detainees the possibility of mounting a proper defense. Moreover, the detention has no upper time limit…”

Regarding the treatment of minors, B’Tselem reports, “At the end of July 2014, 192 Palestinian minors were held in Israeli prisons as security detainees and prisoners. Another 19 Palestinian minors were held in Israel Prison Service facilities for being in Israel illegally.” And they highlight some of the problems facing these Palestinian minors: “The presence of parents at the interrogation – a right granted to Israeli minors – is not mentioned at all in the relevant military law, and Palestinian minors are often interrogated alone without even having had an opportunity to talk to a lawyer. Furthermore, military law has no appropriate rules for the arrest and interrogation of minors. In addition, the army typically hauls these minors out of bed in the middle of the night to arrest them, even when the interrogation is not deemed urgent. And contrary to Israeli law, which requires that every detainee who is a minor must be brought before a judge within 24 hours – and for those under age 14, within 12 hours – the rules in the territories permit postponement of a minor’s appearance before a judge until the eighth day of his detention, precisely the same as for an adult detainee.”

As an American who values due process, and as a person of faith, I urge you to raise these concerns with Israeli officials – in person, if you will be visiting the region soon, or by contacting the Israeli Ambassador to the U.S.

While I raise these particular concerns, I hope that more broadly you will work for a just peace by supporting an end to the Israeli occupation of Palestinian land–including an end to the Gaza blockade, by recognizing that U.S. diplomatic and financial support enable the occupation, and by conditioning military aid to Israel on its compliance with U.S. law and policy. I hope that you will raise questions in Congress about how U.S. military aid to Israel is being used in order to ensure that it is not enabling human rights violations—including prisoners’ rights—or being used in ways that contradict U.S. policy.

I appreciate your consideration of my concerns, and I thank you for your service.

Respectfully,

[Your name]

VIDEO: The Church and war, a look at the “humanitarian intervention” norm

The following video is from Rome Reports.

WAR: Pope says world’s many conflicts amount to piecemeal World War III

from Reuters

popefrancisholylandPope Francis said on Saturday the spate of conflicts around the globe today were effectively a “piecemeal” Third World War, condemning the arms trade and “plotters of terrorism” sowing death and destruction.

“Humanity needs to weep and this is the time to weep,” Francis said in the homily of a Mass during a visit to Italy’s largest war memorial, a large, Fascist-era monument where more than 100,000 soldiers who died in World War One are buried.

The pope began his brief visit to northern Italy by first praying in a nearby, separate cemetery for some 15,000 soldiers from five nations of the Austro-Hungarian empire which were on the losing side of the Great War that broke out 100 years ago….

Click here to read the entire article.

IRAQ-SYRIA: The U.S. and ISIS

by Stephen Zunes
in The Huffington Post

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At the start of classes one year ago, I was having to explain to my students why the United States appeared to be on the verge of going to war against the Syrian government. At the beginning of this semester, exactly one year later, I’m having to explain to my students why the United States may be on the verge of going to war against Syrian rebels.

It is not surprising, therefore, that while the horrors unleashed by forces of the so-called Islamic State are all-too-real, there is skepticism regarding the use of military force.

Already U.S. planes and missiles have been attacking ISIS forces in northern Iraq. Given the real threat of a heightened genocidal campaign against Yazidis and other minorities and the risks of ISIS control expanding into the Kurdish region, even some of those normally averse to unilateral U.S. military intervention abroad were willing to acknowledge it may have been the least bad option.

Within days, however, there were already indications of “mission creep,” as what had been officially declared an exclusively defensive mission turned offensive when the United States provided air support for Kurdish and Iraqi forces, which seized the Mosul Dam from ISIS forces.

Even if one can make a convincing strategic case for such a military operation, the failure of President Obama to go before Congress for authorization of this renewed military intervention in Iraq is extremely disturbing…

Read the rest of this article by clicking here.